A new set of traffic laws and fines come into force in Spain

From March 21, handling the mobile phone while driving, not wearing a seat belt, overtaking cyclists without respecting the minimum side separation or throwing objects or butts on the road that could cause an accident or fire will be more penalized. 

On December 3, the Congress of Deputies approved the Law on Traffic, Motor Vehicle Traffic and Road Safety, which aims to update and improve the effectiveness of the point permit system and strengthen road safety in the roads. The law enters into force on March 21, 2022, three months after its publication in the BOE.

New measures:

Using a phone

Increases the subtraction of points to 6 (before 3) to use the phone, holding it by hand, while driving. The traffic fine remains at €200.

The same penalty and the deduction of 3 points in this case for using the mobile phone, keeping it tight between the helmet and the user’s head while driving.

Wearing the safety belt

To avoid wearing the safety belt, or to wear it incorrectly, as well as child restraint systems, helmet and other mandatory protection equipment, will deduct 4 points (before -3).

Drivers of personal mobility vehicles will be obliged to use the helmet in the terms determined by the regulations. The traffic fine remains at €200.


Increase by 4 to 6 points for all drivers of overtaking vehicles that endanger cyclists without leaving the mandatory minimum clearance of 1.5 meters; the traffic fine will remain at €200.

In addition, on roads with more than one lane in each direction, it will be mandatory to change lanes to pass cyclists and mopeds.

Throw objects and substances

To throw waste or cigarette butts on the road that could result in accidents or fires, deduct –6 points (before -4).


Eliminates the possibility that cars and motorcycles may exceed the speed limits on conventional roads by 20 km / h when overtaking other vehicles.

Minors and alcohol

Minor drivers of any vehicle (mopeds, motorcycles up to 125 cc, bicycles, personal mobility vehicles, etc.) will not be allowed to drive with more than zero alcohol.

Point Recovery

The recovery period for the total number of driving licence points was unified for serious and very serious offences. If two years have elapsed without a firm administrative sanction for the commission of points involving the loss of points, the holders of permits or licenses affected by the partial loss of points will recover the full initial credit of 12 points.

Safe and efficient driving courses

2 points can be recovered from the licence for safe-conducting safe and efficient driving courses.

Cheating in the exam

It will be considered an offense, with a penalty of €500, to use intercommunication devices not authorized in the tests for obtaining or recovering driving licenses or licenses. In addition, the applicant will not be able to re-appear in the tests within six months.


The Golden Visa or Investor Visa is a plan that allows citizens outside the EU to obtain qualified residence permits in exchange for investing in Spanish real estate (and other assets), leading to permanent residence in Spain if certain conditions are met:

  • Real estate assets valued at 500,000 euros or more
  • Bank deposits of 1 million euros or more
  • Public debt of 2 million euros or more
  • Business projects in Spain considered of general interest